Prevention of canine Lyme disease

Tick control

Reduce risk through tick control

Controlling ticks on your dog, and in and around your home, will help reduce the risk factors for canine Lyme disease. In high Lyme disease areas, be vigilant about these procedures, because any dog in a Lyme endemic area is at high risk for Lyme disease, particularly if she has not been vaccinated with a Lyme vaccine.

With dense hair and their love of exploring, as well as being lower to the ground than humans, dogs are the perfect target for ticks. In fact, dogs are 50 to 100 times more likely than humans to come in contact with ticks.

Do tick checks

Perform tick checks after your dog has been outside. Even if you have not been away from home, your dog is still going outside in the yard. In endemic areas, tick checks must be done daily, within a few hours after being outside.

The Ixodes tick that carries Lyme disease is never larger than the size of an eraser on a No. 2 pencil, even after feeding. Ticks are very small, making them very hard to find during a tick check which is why tick checks are seldom 100 percent effective. However, the slow transmission of the bacteria after the initial tick bite creates a window of opportunity for you to remove ticks before the disease is transmitted.

Treat your dog

Sprays, dips, shampoos, and topical tick control products can help prevent ticks on dogs. Ask your veterinarian to recommend effective tick treatments for your dog. They can be part of the mix in preventing ticks on your dog.

Remember, successful tick control must be directed at both the dog and the environment.

Always coordinate prevention efforts and treat the dog and the environment at the same time. Talk to your veterinarian about a comprehensive tick-borne disease prevention plan.

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Lyme disease
has been
found in all 10
Canadian
provinces
The threat of Lyme disease is probably greater in dogs than in humans
Dogs will often show no signs of Lyme disease
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