1. Public Health Agency of Canada
  2. J. Lidicker MA et al, Lyme Disease Cases in the United States Projected Through 2012: Time Series Model Identification and Forecasts of the Federal CDC Data. World International Lyme Disease Emergency Rescue (WILDER) Network, Inc. Published 9/11/2005.
  3. Richard Ford, DVM, MS, Dipl. ACVIM. Tracking the development of tick-borne diseases, DVM in Focus, June 2002.
  4. Steven Levy, VMD. Use of a C6 ELISA Test to Evaluate the Efficacy of a Whole-Cell Bacterin for the Prevention of Naturally Transmitted Canine Borrelia Burgdorferi Infection. Veterinary Therapeutics, Volume 3. No. 4, Winter 2002.
  5. G. Maupin et al, Landscape ecology of Lyme disease in a residential area of Westchester County, New York, Am J Epidemiology 1991; 133:1105-13.
  6. Marietta Vazquez, et al, Effectiveness of Personal Protective Measures to Prevent Lyme Disease, Emerging Infectious Diseases at, Vol. 14, No. 2, February 2008.
  7. American Animal Health Association vaccination guidelines at
  8. Steven Levy, VMD, Canine Lyme disease: Lessons learned in the past 20 years, Infectious Disease Update, Fort Dodge Animal Health, 2006.
  9. Steven Levy, VMD, Tick Biology, New Diagnostic Methods, Canine Lyme Disease and Anaplasmosis for the Small Animal Practitioner, 2008.
  10. Steven Levy, VMD, et al. Performance of a Borrelia burgdorferi bacterin in Borreliosis-Endemic Areas. JAVMA, 1993, 1993; 202.
  11. Moore, Adverse events diagnosed within three days of vaccine administration in dogs, JAVMA 2005.
  12. Confirmation of OspC in Duramune Lyme. 2009 Data on file.
  14. Data on file with Boehringer Ingelheim (Canada), Ltd.
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Lyme disease
has been
found in all 10
The threat of Lyme disease is probably greater in dogs than in humans
Dogs will often show no signs of Lyme disease


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